The picture is painting of Cetshwayo kaMpande who was the king of the Zulu nation from 1872 to 1879
Cetshwayo kaMpande was the last king of an independent Zulu nation. He faced the British in the Anglo-Zulu War of 1879. During which the battle of Isandlwana occurred and proved to be the worst defeat ever suffered by British forces against native opposition.
The British lodss of the battle at Isandlwana stunned the world. It was unthinkable that a “native” army armed substantially with stabbing weapons could defeat the troops of a western power armed with modern rifles and artillery, let alone wipe it out.
Until news of the disaster reached Britain the Zulu War was just another colonial brushfire war of the sort that simmered constantly in many parts of the worldwide British Empire. The complete loss of a battalion of troops, news of which was sent by telegraph to Britain, transformed the nation’s attitude to the war.
In the longer term the British Government determined to avenge the defeat and overwhelming reinforcements were dispatched to Natal. General Sir Garnet Wolseley was sent to replace Lord Chelmsford, arriving after the final battle of the war. Cetshwayo’s overwhelming success at Isandlwana secured his ultimate downfall.
Cetshwayo was sent in exile to Cape Town when his forces were ultimately defeated. He was restored after appealing to Queen Victoria, but was forced to flee in the face of civil war. His death shortly after may have been the result of poisoning.
Queen Ranavalona III, Madagascar’s last Queen, Antananarivo, Madagascar, ca.1890
“Ranavalona III”. Madagascar’s last Queen sitting on her throne chair dressed in royal garments. She is sitting in a beautiful throne chair. Beside her on the table a great large Bible. The picture taken in her palace, Rova.
Queen Ranavalona III was the last Queen of Madagascar. She reigned from 1883-1896. Then Madagascar became a French colony and she was exiled. She died in Algeria in 1917. Her grave is in Madagascar.
She came to the throne in 1883 at age 18. This was a turbulent time, when Madagascar was at war with France. The war ended in the peace treaty of 1885 that ceded to France control over Madagascar’s foreign affairs.
During her reign, Queen Ranavalona III tried to thwart both French and British designs to control Madagascar by turning to the nation’s strategic trading partner—the United States—for support. Despite the queen’s efforts, her fate was sealed when the French finally invaded and colonized Madagascar in 1896. They abolished the Merina monarchy and exiled Queen Ranavalona III to Algeria, where she died in 1917.
As it is Christmas I’m reblogging this, Ethiopia is the second oldest Christian country in the world, Ethiopia is one of the oldest sites of human existence known to scientists today, having yielded some of humanity’s oldest traces. Happy Holidays.
A bit more:
Historians in Greco- Roman world believed that Ethiopians were the first humans on earth. (Diodorus 3.2) In its early days, Ethiopia also embraced regions to the east of Red Sea, and included some of the territory represented today by Saudi Arabia and Yemen. (Homer 1.22-23; Herodotus- hist 7:70)
When Emperor Haile Selassie was deposed by the Ethiopian military in 1974, an ancient kingdom came to an end. According to tradition, the imperial dynasty stretched back virtually unbroken to 950 BC and its origins had links to King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba.
BBC documentary on the pre-colonial history of some of Africa’s most important kingdoms. The African continent is home to nearly a billion people. It has an incredible diversity of communities and cultures, yet we know less of its history than almost anywhere else on earth. But that is beginning to change. In the last few decades, researchers and archaeologists have begun to uncover a range of histories as impressive and extraordinary as anywhere else in the world. The series reveals that Africa’s stories are preserved for us in its treasures, statues and ancient buildings - in the culture, art and legends of the people.